We propose and realize a modified spectral-domain interferometer to measure the physical thickness profile and group refractive index distribution of a large glass substrate simultaneously. The optical layout was modified based on a Mach-Zehnder type interferometer, which was specially adopted to be insensitive to mechanical vibration. According to the measurement results of repeated experiments at a length of 820 mm along the horizontal axis, the standard deviations of the physical thickness and group refractive index were calculated to be 0.173 μm and 3.4 × 10−4, respectively. To verify the insensitivity to vibration, the physical thickness values were monitored at a stationary point while the glass panel was swung at an amplitude exceeding 20 mm. The uncertainty components were evaluated, and the combined measurement uncertainty became 161 nm (k = 1) for a glass panel with a nominal thickness of 0.7 mm.

The multi-layered OLED sample is measured by spectral-domain interferometer. The tehcnology can measure the thickness of each layer as well as the total thickness. The refractice index of each layer can be compensated in real time.